The Training Course is planned to be offered each year in different countries of the Latin American region (that is: to be itinerant in the LAC region), with a mean duration of two or three weeks,
and a full time dedication. Although each of the three core issues of Ocean Governance, Ocean Sciences and Geoethics are designed as stand-alone modules and can be presented separately (as they are
in other courses), the IOI-LAC-TC integrates and interlinks these issues within a common learning process in order to show how governance is linked with geoethics and underpinned by the scientific
knowledge of the oceans. The motto of the TC is:
“You cannot govern the oceans without ethics and science”
Another aspect of the TC is the use of the “learning by doing“ pedagogic process, which implies the extensive use of practical activities such as case studies, round table discussions, conflict
resolution RPG (Role Playing Games), field visits, interviews with local stakeholders, OCZ RPG (out of comfort zone RPG), etc.
Although the theoretical part of the TC is to be presented by the course leaders and invited speakers, most of the teaching effort will be focused in the “learning by doing” activities. The targeted
participants are intended to be young practitioners and scientists, with enough basic background not to be overly challenged in the theoretical issues. A proper guidance offered by the course staff
on theoretical issues has to be enough to induce a proper autodidactic behavior among participants, provided the course offers the tools to reach the knowledge sources.
The daily activities during the TC are purposely designed to merge seamlessly between the three main issues and the practical activities, without unduly concentrating on one particular core issue the
The Directors of the Training and the Support Centers coordinate the Training Course and leading local invited experts are in charge of the different modules. The course Directors will be dedicated
to the activity throughout the full course duration. External (not local) invited TLs and SLs remain for the required periods. External (not local) experts could be invited to present a part of the
TC when necessary.
2. The Training Course Syllabus
The core issues are better detailed below, and form the basic content of the TC. However, the TC is not limited to these issues
#1 Ocean Sciences
Scientific Knowledge and the Sciences of the Oceans.
of the Ocean, Atmosphere and Earth Systems.
Anthropogenic Threats to the Oceans.
Change and Marine Extreme Events.
the Oceans. Operational Oceanography. Monitoring the Oceans.
Marine data collection and analysis. In situ Observing systems. Remote Sensing.
Non Living Marine Resources scientific issues.
Ocean Sciences Programs and Networks (GOOS, LOICZ, PTAS, MA, etc.).
sciences tools: Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Marine Spatial Planning, Monitoring Pollution, Coastal Zone Management.
ISSUE #2 Ocean
Introduction and history of Ocean
The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and
the Ocean Policy Frameworks.
International, Regional & National Regulatory
Governance issues on Living and Non Living Marine
Good Governance principles: Polluters Pays,
Precautionary principle, Sustainable Development, Integrated Management, etc.
Negotiation and Diplomacy. Communication and
negotiation skills. Conflict resolution and consensus building.
Legal and technical aspects of Maritime Boundary
Delimitation. The Blue Economy. Maritime Trade, Transport, Ports and Harbors.
Marine Security Issues. Emergency
Role of the international Organizations and
Use of technical tools in governance, GIS &
Information Management, Modeling, Remote sensing, Marine Spatial Planning.
ethical dilemmas in the first instance. Developing the strategies and skills needed to responsibly participate in the profession, and gain experience in ethical
3. The Training Course blend
The blend of the course contents is not limited to the interaction of the core issues over time, but also highlighting the essential inter-dependencies between the support issues already mentioned in
order to complete the concepts or assist with the “learning by doing” process.
The LAC Training Courses are planned to deliver the above course content in 120 lecture hours and activities, ideally during four weeks, with 6 hours per day of course's activities.
Depending on the local host suggestion or as local preferences may dictate, the Training Course could be offered in three weeks format keeping the 120 total hours, but four weeks is preferable. On
the short case, extra hours per day could be needed, also, using the Saturdays as a full working day. The course duration, then, could be variable depending on the place it will be presented and has
to be carefully planned beforehand in accordance with the local institution and partners, however, the total amount of course´s hours have to be around 120 in total.
Depending on the profile of the participants, the TCs could be offered in English, Spanish, Portuguese, "Portunhol", and/or a blend. In any case, most of the text material will be in English.